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Dictionary of One-word Substitution: Vocabulary Building

Dictionary of One-word Substitution: Vocabulary Building
  • Author : Manik Joshi
  • Publisher :
  • Release Date :2014-10-25
  • Total pages :53
  • ISBN :
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Summary : One-Word Substitutes: A Word that is used in place of a complete sentence This book covers the following topics: (01). Related Words (02). Scientific Studies (03). That Which Cannot Be… (04). Types of Behavior (05). Types of Doctors (06). Different Instruments (07). A Particular Type of Place (08). A Particular Type of Person (09). Phobia and Mania (10). Connected With… (11). Country-Government (12). Types of States (13). Types of Statements (14). Money-Related (15). Other Topics (A). Professions (B). A Collection of Things (C). Act of Killing (D). Physical Appearance of A Person (16). Various One-word Substitutes Sample This: (01). Related Words 01a. A person who looks at the bright side of things -- Optimist 01b. A person who looks at the dark side of things -- Pessimist 02a. All the animals living in a particular area -- Fauna 02b. Plants and vegetation in a particular area -- Flora 03a. A government tax on goods brought into the country -- Customs 03b. A government tax on goods made within a country -- Excise 04a. A person who is more interested in others -- Extrovert 04b. A person who keeps himself to himself -- Introvert 05a. That which cannot be harmful or dangerous -- Innocuous 05b. Causing serious harm in gradual or unnoticeable way -- Insidious 06a. A person who is taking examination -- Examinee 06b. A person who examine the copies of examinees -- Examiner 07a. A person who talks too much -- Garrulous/Loquacious 07b. A person who eats too much -- Glutton 08a. To suddenly change direction -- Deflect 08b. To keep on changing direction during movement -- Meander 09a. Ability to know something on the basis of feelings rather than reasoning -- Intuition 09b. Ability to speak without moving your lips -- Ventriloquism 10a. To change a law in order to improve it -- Amend 10b. To correct the mistakes in manuscript, etc. -- Emend 11a. A person between 70 and 79 years old -- Septuagenarian 11b. A person between 80 and 89 years old -- Octogenarian 12a. Animals having spinal column -- Vertebrate 12b. An animal with thick skin -- Pachyderm 13a. Obeying rules and requests -- Compliance 13b. Open refusal to obey -- Defiance 14a. The state of being married -- Matrimony 14b. The state of being unmarried -- Bachelorhood 15a. A woman whose husband has died -- Widow 15b. A man whose wife has died -- Widower 16a. Things of different nature -- Heterogeneous 16b. Things of same nature -- Homogeneous 17a. A religious song -- Hymn 17b. A pleasant song used for causing children to sleep -- Lullaby 18a. To rise in value -- Appreciate 18b. To go down in value -- Depreciate 19a. A disorder in which person eats too less because of abnormal fear of being fat -- Anorexia 19b. A disorder in which person repeatedly eats too much -- Bulimia 20a. To increase the intensity of a disease -- Aggravate 20b. To go from bad to worse – Deteriorate 21a. A school for small children -- Kindergarten 21b. A student who has left school or class without permission -- Truant 22a. To free somebody from all blame -- Exonerate 22b. To free a person from a charge by verdict -- Acquit 23a. A co-worker in the same institution -- Colleague 23b. Equal in rank -- Peer 24a. An office with high salary but no work -- Sinecure 24b. A position in an organization without salary -- Honorary 25a. An assembly of hearers at a lecture or concert -- Audience 25b. An assembly of worshippers -- Congregation

Dictionary of Informal Words: Vocabulary Building

Dictionary of Informal Words: Vocabulary Building
  • Author : Manik Joshi
  • Publisher :
  • Release Date :2014-10-25
  • Total pages :98
  • ISBN :
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Summary : Informal Words are connected with normal communication to your colleagues, acquaintances, family members, etc. | Informal words are more common in speech than in writing. | Informal words are used in ‘unofficial’ language. These words are not used in ‘official’ or formal writing | This book covers around 1400 Informal words (including name of parts of speech they belong to) and their meanings | IMPORTANT NOTE: Many informal words are used in both American and British English in the same way. However, some informal words are particularly used in American English only. Similarly, some informal words are particularly used in British English only. | INFORMAL WORDS – A -- A1 [adjective] -- very good | abs [noun] -- the muscles of the abdomen | ace [adjective | noun] -- very good | number one | achy [adjective] -- affected by an uninterrupted pain that is small in degree | ack-ack [noun] -- the non-stop firing of guns at aircraft | ad [noun] -- advertisement | adman [noun] -- a person who works in advertising or promotion | adore [verb] -- to be very fond of something | aggravate [verb] -- to intentionally irritate somebody | a gogo [adjective] -- in large quantities | airhead [noun] -- an unintelligent or stupid person | all [adverb] -- enormously | allergic [adjective] -- having an aversion of somebody/something | all right [adverb] -- used to emphasize something | almighty [adjective] -- enormous or severe | alphabet soup [noun] -- extremely difficult language with abbreviations or symbols | ammo [noun] -- ammunition [supply of bullets, etc; very important information for argument] | amp [noun] -- amplifier [a type of electrical device] | appalling [adjective] -- extremely bad or poor | arm candy [noun] -- a beautiful woman accompanied by a man in a public event | arm-twisting [noun] -- the use of physical power or great pressure to convince somebody to do something | artsy (arty) [adjective] -- enormously interested in the arts | artsy-fartsy (arty-farty) [adjective] -- connected with the arts | Aussie [noun] -- a person or native from Australia | awful [adjective] -- very bad | used to emphasize a large quantity or sum of something | axe (ax) [verb] -- to kill somebody with an axe | to get rid of a scheme, service, system, etc. | to dismiss somebody from their job | **** | INFORMAL WORDS -- Particularly Used In AMERICAN ENGLISH: | ace [verb] -- to be successful | all-nighter [noun] -- a time when somebody stay awake all night, mainly for studying | ambulance chaser [noun] -- a lawyer connected with cases of accident claims | amped [adjective] -- excited | antsy [adjective] -- unable to keep still | any [adverb] -- ‘at all’ [used at the end of negative sentences] | A-OK [adjective] -- in satisfactory or perfect condition, manner or style. | attaboy / attagirl [exclamation] -- used to admire or encourage a boy or man / girl or woman | awesome [adjective] -- first-rate, excellent or pleasurable | awful [adverb] -- extremely or enormously | INFORMAL WORDS -- Particularly Used In BRITISH ENGLISH: | admin [noun] -- Administration [activities connected with organizing something] | afters [noun] -- a sweet dish that is eaten after meal | ages -- [noun] a very long time | aggro [noun] -- cruel, hostile and aggressive behavior | airy-fairy [adjective] -- impractical, unreasonable, unclear | all right [exclamation] -- used to say hello | all-singing, all-dancing [adjective] -- (of a machine) having a advanced features | anorak [noun] -- a boring person who is very fond of learning facts or collecting things | appro [noun] -- on approval [connected with shopping activities] | argy-bargy [noun] -- noisy argument or difference of opinions |

Dictionary of Humorous Words: Vocabulary Building

Dictionary of Humorous Words: Vocabulary Building
  • Author : Manik Joshi
  • Publisher :
  • Release Date :2014-10-25
  • Total pages :65
  • ISBN :
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Summary : What are “Humorous Words”? What is Humor? [HUMOUR [(British English) | HUMOR (AMERICAN ENGLISH)] Humor is something that is funny, comical, or amusing Definition of ‘Humorous Words’ Words that are intended to be amusing, entertaining, funny, or comical are called humorous words. Examples: beak [noun] – large or pointed nose of somebody ego-surfing [noun] – the activity of searching your name in different websites on Internet iron rations [noun] – a small amount of food carried for emergency by soldiers, etc. while climbing or walking unhand [verb] – to release somebody that you are holding Besides “Humorous Words”, there are some Idioms and Phrasal Verbs which are used to express humor (amusement or funniness) Example- (idiom): a big cheese – a very important and influential person in a big organization Example- (phrasal verb): gird (up) your loins – to get ready to do a difficult task or activity NOTE: Many ‘Humorous Words’ are also used in ‘formal’, ‘informal’ or other sense Example: BEAST beast [noun] [Humorous] – a person or thing who is unpleasant beast [noun] [Informal] – a thing of a particular type beast [noun] [Formal] – a large and dangerous animal Detailed list of ‘humorous words’, parts of speech they belong to, and their meanings are as follows: Humorous Words -- A abaya [noun] a full-length, sleeveless outer garment worn by Arabs abdicate [verb] to give up all hope of ever having a flat stomach abibliophobia [noun] the fear of running out of reading material abomasums [noun] the fourth stomach of a ruminant, such as a cow or sheep absquatulate [verb] to abruptly leave or abscond with something academe [noun] the world of studying, teaching, etc. at academic institutions e.g. universities and colleges accoutrements (accouterments) [noun] pieces of equipment that are required for an activity; accessories acerbate [verb] to embitter somebody acidulous [adjective] rather sour or sharp in speech, manner, etc. adjourn to… [phrasal verb] to go to another place to calm down of advanced years | sb's advanced age [idiom] used to show that somebody is ‘very old’ or aged agelast [noun] one who never laughs aglet [noun] the plastic tip on the end of a shoelace alack [exclamation] used to express sadness or regret allegator [noun] someone who alleges allergic [adjective] strong dislike towards somebody amatory [adjective] relating to physical activity or desire amphibology [noun] grammatically ambiguous phrase or sentence (e.g.: he talked to his son and his daughter) amphisbaena [noun] a mythical serpent with a head at each end anencephalous [adjective] lacking a brain anfractuous [adjective] circuitous or winding anguilliform [adjective] resembling an eel anserine [adjective] goose-like | silly or foolish antediluvian [adjective] traditional or out-of-date anthropophagy [noun] cannibalism apolaustic [adjective] devoted to the seeking of enjoyment apple-knocker [noun] ignorant or unsophisticated person appurtenance [noun] a smaller part of something larger, superior or more significant archipelago [noun] a chain of islands argle-bargle [noun] meaningless and abundant talk or writing argus-eyed [adjective] vigilant, referring to Argos, a Greek mythological watchman with a hundred eyes argute [adjective] shrewd argy-bargy [noun] noisy arguing assignation [noun] a secret meeting with a lover autotomy [noun] the casting off of a limb or other part of the body by an animal under threat, such as a lizard avuncular [adjective] uncle-like

Dictionary of Literary Words: Vocabulary Building

Dictionary of Literary Words: Vocabulary Building
  • Author : Manik Joshi
  • Publisher :
  • Release Date :2014-10-25
  • Total pages :98
  • ISBN :
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Summary : WHAT ARE “LITERARY WORDS”? ‘Literary words’ are associated with literature. ‘Literary words’ are typical of a work of literature and imaginative writing. ‘Literary words’ are used with a particular meaning, in narrative, drama, poetry and other writing in a literary manner. This book has been divided into three sections: Section 01: Common Literary Words Section 02: Figurative Use of the Words Section 03: Glossary of Literary Terms IMPORTANT NOTES NOTE -- A: ELEVATED WORDS Use of an ‘Elevated’ Word in Place of a ‘Simple’ Word ‘Elevated language’ is widely used in literature. Elevated Word -- a word that is used to show a high intellectual level Simple Word -- a word that is used to keep conversation simple in daily life Example 1: ‘Behold’ [elevated word] | ‘See’ [simple word] Meaning of ‘behold’ and ‘see’: to become aware of something by using your eyes Example 2: ‘Blithe’ [elevated word] | ‘Happy’ [simple word] Meaning of ‘blithe’ and ‘happy’: showing or feeling pleasure ****** NOTE -- B: FIGURATIVE USE OF THE WORDS Many words and phrases are used in a different (literary) way from their usual (literal) meanings to produce a special effect. [I have put these words together in Section-2 (figurative use of the words) of this book.] Example-1: ache: In general sense -- to feel a continuous pain His leg ached because of injury. ache: In literary sense -- to be very sad His false accusations made our heart ache. [= made us sad] Example-2: Flash: In general sense -- to shine brightly for a few moments Camera flashed once. Flash: In literary sense -- to suddenly show a strong emotion Their eyes flashed with horror. ****** NOTE -- C: ‘LITERARY TERMS’ There are many words which are used to describe particular form of writing in a literary work, or used in analysis, discussion, classification, and criticism of a literary work. [I have defined these terms in Section-3 (glossary of literary terms) of this book.] Examples: catharsis -- the process of releasing strong feelings through artistic activities diction -- the choice and use of words to create a specific effect in a literary work epithet -- a word or expression used to attribute special quality to somebody/something genre -- a particular category, style or type to which a literary wok belongs holograph -- handwritten piece of writing by its author idyll -- a poem that describes a peaceful and happy scene juvenilia -- a literary work produced by an artist, in his/her youth melodrama -- a literary work that is full of exciting and exaggerated events or emotions opera -- a dramatic work where a majority of the words are sung to music panegyric -- a speech or written composition that praises somebody/something prosody -- the patterns of rhythms and sounds in poetry quatrain -- a verse of a poem that has four lines refrain -- a line or number of lines of a song or poem that is repeated after each verse scene -- one of the small sections within an act (a major division) of a play semantic -- relating to the meaning of words and sentences trilogy -- a set of three books, plays, movies, etc. on the same characters or subject figure of speech -- an expression in which a word or phrase represents one thing in terms of something dissimilar (non-literal) to create a particular effect in somebody’s mind, or in which an emphasis is produced by patterns of sound. [Some common figures of speech are as follows -- alliteration, anaphora, antistrophe. apostrophe, assonance, consonance, hyperbole, irony, litotes, metaphor, metonymy, periphrasis, personification, simile, synecdoche]

Dictionary of Old-fashioned Words: Vocabulary Building

Dictionary of Old-fashioned Words: Vocabulary Building
  • Author : Manik Joshi
  • Publisher :
  • Release Date :2014-10-25
  • Total pages :97
  • ISBN :
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Summary : What are “Old-fashioned Words”? Definition of ‘Old-fashioned words’: “Words and expressions that were common in the past but are passing out of ordinary use.” ‘Old-fashioned words’ are also known as ‘archaic words’. Many people use the term ‘old use’ for the words and expressions that were common in the past but have passed out of ordinary use. These words are mainly used in historical novels. They are also used to amuse people. Examples: Old-fashioned word: dandified [adjective] (of a man) too careful about his look or clothes Old-fashioned word: vamoose [verb] to leave fast Old-fashioned idiom blot your copybook -- to do something bad to spoil your good reputation among people Old-fashioned phrasal verb buck up! -- used to tell somebody to make haste Detailed list of “old-fashioned words”, parts of speech they belong to, and their meanings are as follows: Old-fashioned Words -- A abed [adverb] in bed abide [verb] to stay or live in a place Use in a sentence: Everybody must abide by the law. abroad [adverb] outside; outdoors accidence [noun] the part of grammar that deals with the change in the form of a word accursed [adjective] having a bad magic spell on something Use in a sentence: They lived in the forest as if accursed. || There is no escaping the sense of anxiety that we humans are accursed with. adieu [exclamation] goodbye Use in a sentence: They bid adieu to him with mixed emotions. addled [adjective] confused / (of an egg) not fresh Use in a sentence: He is not a silly and addled dude. without further/more ado [idiom] at once; immediately Use in a sentence: Once it was sure that the area had been secured, the children were without more ado accompanied to the assembly hall. adventurer / adventuress [noun] a person who is very fond of going to unusual places or gaining new experiences Use in a sentence: She is a hard-core adventuress, a travel journalist, who has traveled around the world. aerodrome (airdrome) [noun] a small airport Use in a sentence: The extension of the runway was aimed at better services for private operators at the aerodrome. affair [noun] an strange or inexplicable thing affright [verb] to scare; to frighten Use in a sentence: Let nothing affright you. ague [noun] malaria, dengue or other disease that causes fever and shivering ail [verb] to make somebody ill/sick air hostess [noun] a female flight attendant alack [exclamation] a word that is used to show you are sad or sorry Use in a sentence: Alas and alack, only a few of those stories are all that funny. alas [exclamation] a word that is used to show you are sad or sorry Use in a sentence: His experiments, alas, were flawed and had been mythologized. be all up (with somebody) [idiom] to be the end for somebody almoner [noun] a person employed by a hospital to handle financial and social problems of patients Use in a sentence: They wanted a more active almoner, who could find innovative ways to help the poor. alms [noun] money, clothes, food, etc. given to beggars or poor people Use in a sentence: They were injured in a stampede to receive alms being distributed by a charity. in the altogether [idiom] without wearing any clothes Amerindian [noun] Native American Use in a sentence: The word 'guava' originates from the language of the Arawaks, an Amerindian people from the Caribbean. ammo [noun] ammunition Use in a sentence: They have tested and run a lot of ammo through their rifles. amour [noun] a secret love affair anon [adverb] soon; early, immediately; in a moment apoplexy [noun] the sudden and complete loss of the ability to sense or move apoplectic [adjective] related to apoplexy apparel [noun] formal clothes Use in a sentence: The US apparel industry is highly fragmented with many players. applesauce [noun] nonsense Use in a sentence: All politics is applesauce! apprehend [verb] to understand, realize or be aware of something Use in a sentence: Making language easy to apprehend is intrinsic to making it appealing. apricity [noun] the sun’s warmth on a cold winter’s day aright [adverb] correctly or properly

Dictionary of English Antonyms: Vocabulary Building

Dictionary of English Antonyms: Vocabulary Building
  • Author : Manik Joshi
  • Publisher :
  • Release Date :2014-10-25
  • Total pages :83
  • ISBN :
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Summary : Antonym is a word that has the same or nearly the same meaning as another word. Alphabetical List of English antonyms Sample This: English Antonyms – A 1. ABOVE -- (meaning) on top of, over, higher than, more than Antonyms of ‘Above’ -- below / under / less / beneath / lower 2. ABSORB -- (meaning) to take in energy, gas, heat, light, liquid, etc. Antonyms of ‘Absorb’ -- emanate / discharge / drip / emit / exude / leak / ooze / radiate / secrete 3. ABSTEMIOUS -- (meaning) not lenient towards yourself Antonyms of ‘Abstemious’ -- unconstrained / uncontrolled / uninhibited / unrestrained 4. ACCEPT -- (meaning) to take readily something that is offered; to say ‘Yes’ to proposal, offer, etc. Antonyms of ‘Accept’ -- abandon / deny / disallow / disprove / discard / dump / rebut / refuse / reject 5. ACCIDENTAL -- (meaning) happening by chance Antonyms of ‘Accidental’ -- deliberate / intentional / planned / premeditated / purposeful / fixed 6. ACCRETION -- (meaning) slowly added layer of a substance Antonyms of ‘Accretion’ -- corrosion / decay / decomposition / deterioration / disintegration / erosion 7. ACKNOWLEDGE -- (meaning) to accept that something is true Antonyms of ‘Acknowledge’ -- condone / deny / disprove / challenge / contradict / ignore / invalidate / overlook / rebuff / refute 8. ACTIVE -- (meaning) involved in something or doing something Antonyms of ‘Active’ -- dormant / idle / inactive / inert / latent / lethargic / listless / passive / sluggish 9. ACTUAL -- (meaning) existing in reality Antonyms of ‘Actual’ -- fantasy / illusory / imaginary / invented / unreal / virtual 10. ADORATION -- (meaning) intense like Antonyms of ‘Adoration’ -- abhorrence / detestation / disgust / hatred / loathing / odium / repugnance / repulsion OTHER USEFUL ANTONYMS -- XYZ 1. abandon -- retain / salvage 2. abase -- deference / respect 3. abashed -- proud / unabashed 4. abate -- strengthen / brace 5. abbreviate -- amplify / lengthen 6. abdicate -- accept / continue 7. aberrant -- typical / usual 8. aberration -- normality / routine 9. abet -- hinder / dissuade 10. abhor -- admire / worship 11. abhorrent -- desirable / pleasing 12. abiding -- temporary / transient 13. ability -- inability / ineptitude 14. abject -- hopeful / optimistic 15. abjure -- own / possess 16. able -- incapable / unable 17. abnormal -- normal / natural 18. abolition -- initiation / launching 19. abominate -- love / respect 20. abortive -- fruitful / productive 21. abrasive -- even / regular / polite 22. abridge -- enlarge / expand 23. abridged -- comprehensive / whole 24. abrupt -- gradual / steady 25. abseil -- ascend / climb 26. absence -- attendance / existence / presence 27. absolute -- relative / virtual 28. absolution -- harshness / severity 29. absolve -- blame / condemn / denounce 30. abstain -- endure / persist 31. abstinence -- excess / indulgence 32. abstract -- concrete / real 33. abstracted -- alert / attentive / aware 34. abstruse -- intelligible / logical / lucid 35. abundant -- meager / scarce 36. abysmal -- excellent / outstanding 37. accede -- disallow / discard 38. acceptable -- deplorable / unacceptable 39. acceptance -- denial / rejection / renunciation 40. accessible -- inaccessible / unachievable 41. acclaim -- condemnation / disapproval 42. accolade -- discredit / disgrace / ignominy 43. accommodating -- disobliging / uncooperative 44. accord -- disagreement / disparity 45. accountable -- inexplicable / unaccountable 46. accredit -- derecognize / disapprove 47. accrual -- decrease / deduction / loss 48. accurate -- inaccurate / incorrect 49. accustomed -- unaccustomed / unfamiliar 50. achievable -- unachievable / unattainable 51. acquiescence -- opposition / resistance 52. acquire -- cede / relinquish / surrender 53. acrid -- saccharine / sugary 54. acrimonious -- harmonious / melodious 55. activate -- deactivate / impede 56. activity -- immobility / sluggishness 57. acuity -- dullness / tedium 58. acumen -- folly / foolhardiness / stupidity 59. adamant -- relenting / yielding 60. add -- deduct / subtract

Dictionary of English Antonyms: Vocabulary Building

Dictionary of English Antonyms: Vocabulary Building
  • Author : Manik Joshi
  • Publisher :
  • Release Date :2014-10-25
  • Total pages :83
  • ISBN :
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Summary : Antonym is a word that has the same or nearly the same meaning as another word. Alphabetical List of English antonyms Sample This: English Antonyms – A 1. ABOVE -- (meaning) on top of, over, higher than, more than Antonyms of ‘Above’ -- below / under / less / beneath / lower 2. ABSORB -- (meaning) to take in energy, gas, heat, light, liquid, etc. Antonyms of ‘Absorb’ -- emanate / discharge / drip / emit / exude / leak / ooze / radiate / secrete 3. ABSTEMIOUS -- (meaning) not lenient towards yourself Antonyms of ‘Abstemious’ -- unconstrained / uncontrolled / uninhibited / unrestrained 4. ACCEPT -- (meaning) to take readily something that is offered; to say ‘Yes’ to proposal, offer, etc. Antonyms of ‘Accept’ -- abandon / deny / disallow / disprove / discard / dump / rebut / refuse / reject 5. ACCIDENTAL -- (meaning) happening by chance Antonyms of ‘Accidental’ -- deliberate / intentional / planned / premeditated / purposeful / fixed 6. ACCRETION -- (meaning) slowly added layer of a substance Antonyms of ‘Accretion’ -- corrosion / decay / decomposition / deterioration / disintegration / erosion 7. ACKNOWLEDGE -- (meaning) to accept that something is true Antonyms of ‘Acknowledge’ -- condone / deny / disprove / challenge / contradict / ignore / invalidate / overlook / rebuff / refute 8. ACTIVE -- (meaning) involved in something or doing something Antonyms of ‘Active’ -- dormant / idle / inactive / inert / latent / lethargic / listless / passive / sluggish 9. ACTUAL -- (meaning) existing in reality Antonyms of ‘Actual’ -- fantasy / illusory / imaginary / invented / unreal / virtual 10. ADORATION -- (meaning) intense like Antonyms of ‘Adoration’ -- abhorrence / detestation / disgust / hatred / loathing / odium / repugnance / repulsion OTHER USEFUL ANTONYMS -- XYZ 1. abandon -- retain / salvage 2. abase -- deference / respect 3. abashed -- proud / unabashed 4. abate -- strengthen / brace 5. abbreviate -- amplify / lengthen 6. abdicate -- accept / continue 7. aberrant -- typical / usual 8. aberration -- normality / routine 9. abet -- hinder / dissuade 10. abhor -- admire / worship 11. abhorrent -- desirable / pleasing 12. abiding -- temporary / transient 13. ability -- inability / ineptitude 14. abject -- hopeful / optimistic 15. abjure -- own / possess 16. able -- incapable / unable 17. abnormal -- normal / natural 18. abolition -- initiation / launching 19. abominate -- love / respect 20. abortive -- fruitful / productive 21. abrasive -- even / regular / polite 22. abridge -- enlarge / expand 23. abridged -- comprehensive / whole 24. abrupt -- gradual / steady 25. abseil -- ascend / climb 26. absence -- attendance / existence / presence 27. absolute -- relative / virtual 28. absolution -- harshness / severity 29. absolve -- blame / condemn / denounce 30. abstain -- endure / persist 31. abstinence -- excess / indulgence 32. abstract -- concrete / real 33. abstracted -- alert / attentive / aware 34. abstruse -- intelligible / logical / lucid 35. abundant -- meager / scarce 36. abysmal -- excellent / outstanding 37. accede -- disallow / discard 38. acceptable -- deplorable / unacceptable 39. acceptance -- denial / rejection / renunciation 40. accessible -- inaccessible / unachievable 41. acclaim -- condemnation / disapproval 42. accolade -- discredit / disgrace / ignominy 43. accommodating -- disobliging / uncooperative 44. accord -- disagreement / disparity 45. accountable -- inexplicable / unaccountable 46. accredit -- derecognize / disapprove 47. accrual -- decrease / deduction / loss 48. accurate -- inaccurate / incorrect 49. accustomed -- unaccustomed / unfamiliar 50. achievable -- unachievable / unattainable 51. acquiescence -- opposition / resistance 52. acquire -- cede / relinquish / surrender 53. acrid -- saccharine / sugary 54. acrimonious -- harmonious / melodious 55. activate -- deactivate / impede 56. activity -- immobility / sluggishness 57. acuity -- dullness / tedium 58. acumen -- folly / foolhardiness / stupidity 59. adamant -- relenting / yielding 60. add -- deduct / subtract

Compound Words in English: Vocabulary Building

Compound Words in English: Vocabulary Building
  • Author : Manik Joshi
  • Publisher :
  • Release Date :2014-10-25
  • Total pages :56
  • ISBN :
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Summary : What are “Compound Words”? A compound word consists of two or more base words. Meaning of Compound word is often different from the separate base words. Compound Words and Parts of Speech Compound words are mostly nouns, adjectives, and verbs. Kinds of Compound Words Compound words are of three types: (A). Closed Compound Words: Words are joined together. There is no space or hyphen between the words. Examples: firefly / softball / redhead / keyboard / makeup / notebook (B). Hyphenated Compound Words: Words are joined together by a hyphen. Examples: daughter-in-law / over-the-counter / six-year-old (C). Open Compound Words: Words are not joined together. Words are open or separate. In other words, there is a space between the words. Examples: post office / real estate / full moon / half sister Some general rules regarding use of hyphens:- Compound Adjectives are often hyphenated. If compound adjective precedes a noun, they are hyphenated Examples: low-paying job [low- paying is a compound adjective; job is a noun] easy-going celebrity [easy-going is a compound adjective; celebrity is a noun] Adverbs that end in –ly and compounded with another modifier are generally not hyphenated: Examples: deeply held beliefs genetically modified foods highly placed sources quietly organized meeting ALSO NOTE: 1. Some compound words may have more than one form but these forms may belong to different parts of speech. Examples: bread and butter [open form] [noun] bread-and-butter [closed form] [adjective] charge sheet [open form][noun] chargesheet [closed form] [verb] fast track [open form] [noun] fast-track [hyphenated form] [adjective, verb] first degree [open form] [noun] first-degree [hyphenated form] [adjective] full time [open form] [noun] full-time [hyphenated form] [adjective, adverb] gift wrap [open form] [noun] gift-wrap [hyphenated form] [verb] hard core [open form] [noun] hard-core [hyphenated form] [adjective] hard line [open form] [noun] hard-line [hyphenated form] [adjective] road test [open form] [noun] road-test [hyphenated form] [verb] second hand [open form] [noun] second-home [hyphenated form] [adjective] 2. Some compound words which are hyphenated in American English are not hyphenated in British English. Example: cash-back [American English]; cashback [British English] 3. Compound words are mainly formed in the following ways: (a). adjective + adjective [example: bittersweet] (b). adjective + noun [example: blackboard] (c). adjective + verb [example: broadcast] (d). adjective + past participle [example: cold-blooded] (e). adjective + present participle [example: free-standing] (f). adverb (or preposition) + adjective [example: ingrown] (g). adverb (or preposition) + noun [example: afterlife] (h). adverb (or preposition) + verb [example: cutback] (i). adverb + past participle [example: brightly lit] (j). adverb + present participle [example: long-lasting] (k). noun + adjective [example: blood red] (l). noun + adverb (or preposition) [example: hanger-on] (m). noun + noun [example: airman] (n). noun + verb [example: air-condition] (o). noun + past participle [example: sun-dried] (p). verb + adverb (or preposition) [example: breakdown] (q). verb + noun [example: bathroom] (r). gerund + noun [example: bleaching powder] (s). noun + gerund [example: air-conditioning] Detailed list of Compound words in Alphabetical Order. [All compound words have been grouped according to the parts of speech they belong to.)

Holonyms and Meronyms: Vocabulary Building

Holonyms and Meronyms: Vocabulary Building
  • Author : Manik Joshi
  • Publisher :
  • Release Date :2014-10-25
  • Total pages :57
  • ISBN :
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Summary : What are “Holonyms and Meronyms”? HOLONYMS ---- [Holo- Whole; -Onym: Name] Holonym is a word that denotes a thing that is complete in itself and whose part, member or substance is represented by another word. Holonym [singular] | Holonyms [plural] Example: ‘Bird’ is a holonym of ‘Feather’. Derived terms related to ‘Holonyms’: Holonymous Words that are Holonyms are said to be Holonymous. Holonymy The state of being a Holonym is called Holonymy. MERONYMS ---- [Mero- Part; -Onym: Name] Meronym is a word that denotes a constituent part, member or substance of something that is complete in itself. Meronym [singular] | Meronyms [plural] Example: ‘Feather’ is a meronym of ‘Bird’. Derived terms related to ‘Meronyms’: Meronymous Words that are Meronyms are said to be Meronymous. Meronymy The state of being a Meronym is called Meronymy. Holonyms and Meronyms -- A Holonym / Meronym -- Example A1 -- Holonym -- air-conditioner Meronyms -- blower / compressor / condenser coil / control panel / cooling coil / evaporator coil / expansion valve / fan / motor / temperature sensing bulb / thermostat Holonym / Meronym -- Example A2 -- Holonym -- airplane (aeroplane) Meronyms -- aileron / altimeter / black box / cabin / cargo / cockpit / cowling / elevator / fin / flap / flight deck / fuselage / galley / hatch / jet engine / leading edge / nose / propeller / rudder / seat / slat / tail / trailing edge / undercarriage / wing Holonym / Meronym -- Example A3 -- Holonym -- airport Meronyms -- airplane / airstrip / air terminal / control tower / hangar / lounge / taxiway / terminal Holonym / Meronym -- Example A4 -- Holonym -- algae Meronyms -- cell membrane / cell wall / chloroplast / cytoplasm / flagellum / nucleolus / nucleus / starch vacuole Holonym / Meronym -- Example A5 -- Holonym -- atom Meronyms -- electron / neutron / proton Other Examples: Holonym / Meronym -- Example A6 – ‘abacus’ is the holonym of ‘wire’ wire’ is a meronym of ‘abacus’ Holonym / Meronym -- Example A7 – ‘album’ is the holonym of ‘photograph’ ‘photograph’ is a meronym of ‘album’ Holonym / Meronym -- Example A8 -- ‘asparagus’ is the holonym of ‘spear’ ‘spear’ is a meronym of ‘asparagus’ Holonym / Meronym -- Example A9 -- ‘atmosphere’ is the holonym of ‘stratosphere’ ‘stratosphere’ is a meronym of ‘atmosphere’

Check Your English Vocabulary for Human Resources

Check Your English Vocabulary for Human Resources
  • Author : Rawdon Wyatt
  • Publisher :
  • Release Date :2009-01-01
  • Total pages :80
  • ISBN : 1408102404
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Summary : This workbook provides exercises to help teach and build English vocabulary. It has been written both for students who are studying towards professional exams, and for those who want to improve their related communication skills. The material covers general and topic-specific vocabulary, as well as grammar and use of English, comprehension, pronunciation and spelling.

Cambridge Learner's Dictionary with CD-ROM

Cambridge Learner's Dictionary with CD-ROM
  • Author : Cambridge University Press
  • Publisher :
  • Release Date :2007-01-25
  • Total pages :908
  • ISBN : 9780521682022
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Summary : Ideal for PET and FCE preparation Packed full of useful study extras, the Cambridge Learner's Dictionary helps you on your way to becoming a confident, natural English speaker. With clear definitions, written especially for intermediate level students, and thousands of examples that put the language into context, this dictionary is an invaluable companion, whether you are learning English for work or pleasure, or preparing for an exam. The best bits of the dictionary ... * NEW! Improved and expanded study pages include the innovative 'Talk' section, focussing on conversation, and how people really speak in day-to-day situations. * NEW! Word Partner boxes show how words are used together, helping you develop natural sounding English. * NEW! Special 'new words' section focuses on the latest words to enter the English language, ensuring that the language you learn is always up to date. * NEW! Thesaurus boxes make your English sound more natural by providing alternatives to over-used words, helping you to widen your vocabulary. * Learner Error notes taken from the Cambridge Learner Corpus - based on real student errors from Cambridge ESOL papers - help you to avoid typical mistakes. The Cambridge Learner's Dictionary CD-ROM includes the whole dictionary in a handy searchable format and much more, too! You can listen to every word in British and American English - and even record yourself for comparison. The best bits of the CD-ROM ... * UNIQUE! SMART thesaurus helps build vocabulary and allows you to create topic-related word lists at the click of a button. * QUICKfind, a mini pop-up version of the dictionary, lets you look up words as you work with no effort. * Hundreds of interactive vocabulary practice exercises - to use on-screen, or print out for classroom use - help you to monitor your progress.

Dictionary of Category Words: Vocabulary Building

Dictionary of Category Words: Vocabulary Building
  • Author : Manik Joshi
  • Publisher :
  • Release Date :2014-10-25
  • Total pages :72
  • ISBN :
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Summary : This Book Covers The Following Topics: 01. Category Words -- Sounds 02. Category Words -- Ways of Thinking 03. Category Words -- Ways of Walking 04. Category Words -- Ways of Movement 05. Category Words -- Ways of Changing 06. Category Words -- Ways of Laughing and Smiling 07. Category Words -- Ways of Seeing 08. Category Words -- Ways of Saying Something 09. Category Words -- Ways of Writing and Marking 10. Category Words -- Ways of Continuing 11. Category Words -- Feelings 12. Category Words -- Cooking 13. Category Words -- Disturbance 14. Category Words -- Situation of Confusion 15(A). Category Words -- Smells 15(B). Category Words -- Tastes 16. Category Words -- Cries of Creatures 17. Category Words -- Colors 18. Category Words -- Remarks 19. Category Words -- Body Marks 20. Category Words -- Body and Body Shape 21. Category Words -- ‘Old’ 22. Category Words -- Time and Numbers 23. Category Words -- Zodiac Sign and Birthstones 24. Category Words -- Fabrics 25. Category Words -- Shapes 26. Category Words -- Religion 27(A). Category Words -- Nature 27(B). Category Words -- Biomes 28. Category Words -- People and Family 29. Category Words -- Currencies 30. Category Words -- Measurement Units 31. Category Words -- Government 32. Category Words -- Miscellaneous Sample This: 01. Category Words -- Sounds 01. Babble -- the sound of many people speaking all together Example: Babble of Voices 02. Bang -- sudden loud noise Example: Bang of a Gun 03. Beat -- sound made by a series of regular blows to something Examples: Beating of Drums | Beating of Wings 04. Blast -- the sound of an explosion | sound made by blowing of musical instruments Examples: Blast of a Bomb | Blast of a siren 05. Blow -- to produce a sound by forcing your breath out when your lips are closed Examples: Blowing of Bungles | Blowing of Trumpet | Blowing of Whistle 06. Boom -- loud deep sound Example: Booming of Guns 07. Chatter -- a series of short high sounds Examples: Chattering of Birds | Chattering of Monkeys | Chattering of Teeth 08. Chink -- light ringing sound Example: Chinking of Glass 09. Clang -- loud ringing sound of metals Examples: Clanging of Arms | Clanging of Bells 10. Clank -- loud sound of metal objects hitting together Example: Clanking of Chains 11. Clap -- the sound of hitting something by hand | sudden loud noise Examples: Clapping of Hands | Clapping of Thunder 12. Clatter -- loud noise made by knocking of hard objects Examples: Clattering of Hoofs | Clattering of Knife 13. Crackle -- a series of light sharp sounds Examples: Crackling of Fire-Wood | Crackling of Gunfire | Crackling of Flames 14. Creak -- a series of sharp sounds Examples: Creaking of a Whip | Creaking of Shoes 15. Din -- loud, unpleasant sound that lasts for a long time Example: Din of a Crowd 16. Ding -- sound made by a bell Example: Ding of a Bell 17. Explode -- to make loud, violent sound Examples: Exploding of Guns | Exploding of Bombs | Exploding of Rocket 18. Flap -- quick noisy movement Examples: Flapping of Wings | Flapping of Newspaper | Flapping of Steam 19. Jingle -- a sound like small bells ringing Example: Jingling of Coins 20. Knock -- the sound of somebody hitting a door, gate, window, etc. Examples: Knocking of a Door | Knocking of a Window

Check Your English Vocabulary for TOEFL

Check Your English Vocabulary for TOEFL
  • Author : Rawdon Wyatt
  • Publisher :
  • Release Date :2019-01-24
  • Total pages :128
  • ISBN : 1472966090
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Summary : This workbook provides exercises to help students practise and build many of the English words and phrases that they will find useful for the popular TOEFL® (Test of English as a Foreign Language) examination, which is an entry requirement for non-native speakers at more than 6,000 universities and colleges worldwide. It has been written for students at intermediate level and above, and is particularly appropriate for anyone who plans to study or train in an English-speaking country. The material in this workbook covers general vocabulary, as well as topic-specific vocabulary based on themes which regularly feature in the TOEFL®. - Tests and improves vocabulary using a variety of useful, interesting and enjoyable exercises - For students learning English at intermediate level and above - Easy-to-use format with clear instructions - Comprehensive answer key with additional information - Ideal for self-study or classroom use

A Dictionary of English Synonymes and Synonymous Or Parallel Expressions

A Dictionary of English Synonymes and Synonymous Or Parallel Expressions
  • Author : Richard Soule
  • Publisher :
  • Release Date :1889
  • Total pages :456
  • ISBN :
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Summary :

Merriam-Webster's Vocabulary Builder

Merriam-Webster's Vocabulary Builder
  • Author : Mary W. Cornog
  • Publisher :
  • Release Date :1994
  • Total pages :558
  • ISBN : 9780877799108
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Summary : The ideal book for people who want to increase their word power. Thorough coverage of 1,200 words and 240 roots while introducing 2,300 words. The Vocabulary Builder is organized by Greek and Latin roots for effective study with nearly 250 new words and roots. Includes quizzes after each root discussion to test progress. A great study aid for students preparing to take standardized tests.